School Board Policy 516 -
Student Medication

 

Adopted: september 8, 1997 
REVISED: august 27, 2001 revised: september 9, 2002 
revised: february 10, 2003
Revised: may 9, 2005  revised: january 14, 2013

I. Purpose

The purpose of this policy is to set forth the provisions that must be followed when administering nonemergency prescription medication to students at school.

II. General Statement of Policy ENERAL 

The school district acknowledges that some students may require prescribed drugs or medication during the school day. The school district’s licensed school nurse or trained designee will administer medications in accordance with law and school district procedures.

III. Definition

A, “Parent” for students 18 years old or older is the student.

IV. Requirements

A. The administration of prescription and nonprescription medication requires a completed signed authorization from the student’s parent or guardian. The school district may rely on an oral parent/guardian request to administer medication for up to two school days, after which a written authorization is required.

B. An “Administration of Prescription Medication” form must be completed annually (once per school year) and/or when a change in the prescription or requirements for administration occurs.

C. Prescription medication must come to school in the original container labeled for the student by an authorized medical professional in accordance with law, and must be administered in a manner consistent with the instructions on the label.

D. The school nurse may request to receive further information about the prescription, if needed, prior to administration of the substance.

E. Prescription medications are not to be carried by the student, but will be left with the appropriate school district personnel. Exceptions to this requirement are: prescription asthma medications self-administered with an inhaler (See Part J.5. below), and medications administered as noted in a written agreement between the school district and the parent or as specified in an IEP (Individual Education Program), Section 504 planor IHP (Individual Health Plan).

F. The school must be notified immediately by the parent or student 18 years old or older in writing of any change in the student's prescription medication administration. A new medical authorization and container label with new pharmacy instructions shall be required immediately as well.

G. For drugs or medication used by children with a disability, administration may be as provided in the IEP, Section 504 plan or IHP.

H. The school nurse, or other designated person, shall be responsible for the filing of the Administration of Prescription Medications form in the health records section of the student file. The school nurse, or other designated person, shall be responsible for providing a copy of such form to the principal and to other personnel designated to administer the medication.

I. Procedures for administration of drugs and medicine at school and school activities shall be developed in consultation with a licensed school nurse, or a public or private health organization or other appropriate party (if appropriately contracted by the school district under Minn. Stat. § 121A.21).

J. Specific Exceptions:

1. Special health treatments and health functions such as catheterization, tracheostomy suctioning, and gastrostomy feeding do not constitute administration of drugs and medicine.

2. Emergency health procedures, including emergency administration of drugs and medicine are not subject to this policy.

3. Drugs or medication provided or administered by a public health agency to prevent or control an illness or a disease outbreak is not governed by this policy.

4. Drugs or medication used at school in connection with services for which a minor may give effective consent are not governed by this policy.

5. Drugs or medicines that are prescription asthma or reactive airway disease medications may be self-administered by a student with an asthma inhaler if:

a. the school district has received a written authorization from the pupil’s parent/guardian permitting the student to self-administer the medication;

b. the inhaler is properly labeled for that student; and

c. the parent has not requested school personnel to administer the medication to the student.

The parent must submit written authorization for the student to self- administer the medication each school year. In a school that does not have a school nurse or school nursing services, the student’s parent or guardian must submit written verification from the prescribing professional which documents that an assessment of the student’s knowledge and skills to safely possess and use an asthma inhaler in a school setting has been completed.

If the school district employs a school nurse or provides school nursing services under another arrangement, the school nurse or other appropriate party must assess the student’s knowledge and skills to safely possess and use an asthma inhaler in a school setting and enter into the student’s health record a plan to implement safe possession and use of asthma inhalers.

6. Medications:

a) that are used off school grounds;

b) that are used in connection with athletics or extracurricular activities; or

c) that are used in connection with activities that occur before or after the regular school day are not governed by this policy.

7. Nonprescription Medication. A secondary student may possess and use nonprescription pain relief in a manner consistent with the labeling, if the school district has received written authorization from the student’s parent or guardian permitting the student to self-administer the medication. The parent or guardian must submit written authorization for the student to self-administer the medication each school year. The school district may revoke a student’s privilege to possess and use nonprescription pain relievers if the school district determines that the student is abusing the privilege. This provision does not apply to the possession or use of any drug or product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine as its sole active ingredient or as one of its active ingredients. Except as stated in this paragraph, only prescription medications are governed by this policy.

8. At the start of each school year or at the time a student enrolls in school, whichever is first, a student’s parent, school staff, including those responsible for student health care, and the prescribing medical professional must develop and implement an individualized written health plan for a student who is prescribed nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine that enables the student to:

a. possess nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine; or

b. if the parent and prescribing medical professional determine the student is unable to possess the epinephrine, have immediate access to nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine in close proximity to the student at all times during the instructional day.

The plan must designate the school staff responsible for implementing the student’s health plan, including recognizing anaphylaxis and administering nonsyringe injectors of epinephrine when required, consistent with state law. This health plan may be included in a student’s § 504 plan.

Legal References:
Minn. Stat. § 13.32 (Student Health Records)
Minn. Stat. §121A.21 (Hiring of Health Personnel)
Minn. Stat. § 121A.22 (Administration of Drugs and Medicine)
Minn. Stat. § 121A.221 (Possession and Use of Asthma Inhalers by Asthmatic Students)
Minn. Stat. § 121A.2205 (Possession and Use of Non-Syringe Injectors of Epinephrine; Model Policy)
Minn. Stat. § 151.212 (Label of Prescription Drug Containers)
20 U.S.C. 1400, et seq. (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004)
29 U.S.C. 794, et. seq. (Rehabilitation Act of 1973, §504)

Cross References: 
WBLAS Policy 418 (Drug-Free Workplace/Drug Free School)